How Foot Abnormalities Contribute to Low Back Pain

William M. Austin, DC, CCSP, CCRD Most chronic low back pain is the result of some form of structural weakness or failure.1–2 The cause of chronic lumbar spine breakdown is microtrauma, which is produced by biomechanical errors, structural asymmetries, tissue weaknesses and excessive external loads. The source of these conditions must be recognized and addressed 

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Common Patterns of Lower Extremity Subluxations

By: Jeffrey D. Olsen, DC Activator Methods Chiropractic Technique (AMCT) suggests that, before proceeding to the pelvis or any portion of the axial skeleton, doctors must first clear the subluxations and remove any instability from the lower extremity.1 The Activator Adjusting Instrument, with the proper line of drive, is your tool for removing subluxations. Furthermore, 

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Activator Methods Chiropractic Technique (AMCT)

By: Jeffrey D. Olsen, DC Among the options available, my low-force procedure of choice is Activator Methods Chiropractic Technique (AMCT). From my earliest exposure to AMCT, while taking the elective as a student at Palmer College, I had the impression that this is the most systematic approach to Chiropractic care. In our training and too 

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Excessive Pronation and the Q-Angle

By: Mark N. Charrette, DC The Q-angle is a very important indicator of biomechanical function in the lower extremity. This measurement reflects the effect of the quadriceps mechanism on the knee (hence the “Q” angle). When assessed correctly, it supplies very useful information concerning the alignment of the pelvis, leg, and foot. Determination of the 

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The Biomechanics of Gait

By: Jeffrey D. Olsen, DC The biomechanics of gait affect not only the lower extremities, but also the rhythmic movements of the entire body. To appreciate this obvious relationship, picture running with your arms folded across your chest or with your chin tucked. Just like restricting these key components of a balanced gait feels awkward, 

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Lower Extremity Abnormalities and Paraspinal Muscle Function

By: Christopher Kent, DC Objective Assessment of the Relationship Between Lower Extremity Abnormalities and Paraspinal Muscle Function Using Surface Electromyography Physical, chemical, and emotional stress may result in spinal problems, including vertebral subluxation. A common cause of physical stress is aberrant posture due to structural asymmetry in the lower extremity. Chronic physical stress caused by leg length 

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Pedal Stress Fractures and Orthotic Support

By: Mark N. Charrette, DC Stress fractures are a common cause of foot pain, especially in the active population.1 Patients will report a dull, aching pain sensation in the foot that is often poorly localized (Fig. 1). The nagging pain increases during weightbearing and gait, and often remains for a while after use. It commonly subsides 

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Low Back Pain Improves with A-S-R

By: William M. Austin, DC, CCSP, CCRD During standing, walking, and running the lumbar spine and pelvis balance on the lower extremities. As shown in Fig. 1, leg or foot asymmetries send abnormal forces along the closed Kinetic/Kinematic Chain, interfering with spinal function.1 And interfering with spinal function can result in a number of bodily malfunctions. 

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